Information and Resources


The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s VW Settlement webpage containing FAQ’s, laws and regulations relevant to the settlement, and environmental and health information.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Volkswagen’s official informational website regarding the buyback and emissions program for consumers.

Modification or Buyback Program Informational Website for Consumers

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s air emissions inventories webpage containing the 2014 National Emissions Inventory (NEI) data used to determine emissions levels in the United States.

U.S. EPA’s Air Emissions Inventories

EJSCREEN is an environmental justice mapping and screening tool that provides EPA with a nationally consistent dataset and approach for combining environmental and demographic indicators.

Environmental Justice Screening and Mapping Tool

The Volkswagen Group of America created Electrify America LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary headquartered in Reston, Virginia, to fulfill the National Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Investment Plan of investing $1.2 billion in the infrastructure, education, and access of ZEV technology over the next 10 years.

National Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Investment Plan

Wilmington Trust, N.A., in its role as trustee, launched this website to serve as the primary communication channel to the public. The website contains the duties of the trustee and will serve as a public-facing website onto which it will post all materials as required by each of the State and Indian Tribe Trust Agreements.

VW Environmental Mitigation Trust

The EPA Green Book provides detailed information about area National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) designations, classifications and nonattainment status. Information is current as of the Green Book posted date and is available in reports, maps and data downloads.

U.S. EPA’s Green Book

These are the Environmental Mitigation Trust Agreements for the Volkswagen Clean Air Act Settlement.

Environmental Mitigation Trust Agreements


What are NOx Emissions?

Nitrogen oxides (NOx) represents a family of seven compounds, one of which nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is regulated by the EPA as a proxy for all the NOx compounds. Nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are the most significant forms of NOx released by combustion processes, including diesel engines. NOx reacts with carbon monoxide (CO) and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in sunlight to form tropospheric or ground-level ozone, the major component of smog, which is a significant air pollution problem in the United States.

Ozone is linked to health effects including asthma, respiratory system irritation, allergen sensitivity, respiratory infections and premature death. Particulate matter emissions, especially fine particulates that can more deeply penetrate lungs, from diesel emissions and other sources is also linked to serious health risks and has a causal relationship with cardiovascular effects, respiratory effects, and mortality. Peer-reviewed research estimates that over the sales period of the 2.0 liter vehicles installed with defeat devices, 59 deaths will be caused in the United States by the excess emissions from the vehicles. In addition to health risks, NOx poses other significant environmental risks contributing to acid precipitation that can damage forests, crops, and waterways, and the deposition of excess nutrients to lakes, ponds, and coastal waters that contributes to algal blooms, damage to fish and shellfish, and other impacts of eutrophication of lakes, ponds, and coastal waterways. Mobile sources (including diesel and gasoline vehicles) are currently the largest source of NOx emissions. Reducing the use of petroleum-based fuels in transportation (particularly in heavy duty vehicles which disproportionately contribute to emissions) is an important mechanism to reduce NOx emissions.


NOx Calculators

NOTE: This is not an extensive list of acceptable calculators. If you need assistance determining which calculator is best for you or assistance using calculators, please contact

Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emission, and Energy use in Transportation Model (GREET)

Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Argonne has developed a full life-cycle model called GREET (Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation). It allows researchers and analysts to evaluate various vehicle and fuel combinations on a full fuel-cycle/vehicle-cycle basis.

Alternative Fuel Life-Cycle Environmental & Economic Transportation Tool (AFLEET)

The Department of Energy’s Clean Cities Program enlisted the expertise of Argonne to develop a tool to examine both the environmental and economic costs and benefits of alternative fuel and advanced vehicles. This tool for Clean can estimate petroleum use, greenhouse gas emissions, air pollutant emissions, and cost of ownership of light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles using simple spreadsheet inputs.

MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES)

EPA’s MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) is a state-of-the-science emission modeling system that estimates emissions for mobile sources at the national, county, and project level for criteria air pollutants, greenhouse gases, and air toxics.

Diesel Emissions Quantifier (DEQ)

Provides an interactive, web-based tool for users with little or no modeling experience, and evaluates clean diesel projects and upgrade options for medium-heavy and heavy-heavy duty diesel engines. Estimates baseline emissions, reduced emissions, cost effectiveness for NOx, PM2.5, HC, CO and CO2, and PM-related health benefits. However, this tool may not be used for State Implementation Plans (SIPs) and conformity.

Shore Power Emissions Calculator (SPEC)

The Shore Power Emissions Calculator (SPEC) can be effective for estimating environmental benefits of shore power when a vessel is connected. Port authorities can use SPEC to assess the environmental benefits of using shore power by vessel type in an area where shore power is being considered.


Distribution of Funds

​ComponentProgram​Settlement​Distribution​Alabama Allocation
National ZEV Investment PlanZEV Investment Plan​$2 billion$1.2 billion (US)
$800 million (CA)
No direct allocation
2.0-liter AllocationEnvironmental Mitigation Trust​$2.7 billionState Beneficiaries$24,084,727​
3.0-liter Allocation​Environmental Mitigation Trust​​$225 millionState Beneficiaries​$1,396,241
​Class Action SettlementBuyback and Emissions Modification ​$10 billionConsumers​No direct allocation



Settlement Effective Date (SED)​October 25, 2016​Consent Decree entered into court​
Trustee Candidates Submitted​November 24, 2016​within 30 days of SED​
Selection of TrusteeMarch 15, 2017​Wilmington Trust, NA​
National Zero Emissions Vehicle Investment Plan
(Appendix C)
April 12, 2017​Plan approved by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency​
Trust Effective Date (TED)
(Paragraph 3.0)​
October 02, 2017​United State files the fully executed final version of the State Trust Agreement​
Trustee Establishes Trust Account
(Paragraph 2.0.4)​
October 17, 2017​Wilmington Trust NA established the trust account​
Beneficiaries File Certification Forms
(Paragraph 4.0)
December​ 01, 2017ADECA filed for beneficiary status on November 29, 2017
Beneficiary Designation
(Paragraph 4.0)
January 29, 2018​ADECA was designated as the beneficiary for Alabama​
Notice of Availability of Mitigation Action Funds
(Paragraph 4.2.8)​
February 28, 2018
No later than 30 days of designation​
​Public Information and Listening SessionsMarch 20, 2018 -
April 3, 2018
Held at regional locations across the state
Public Input RequestedComment period ends
May 9, 2018​
Listening sessions held
Draft Beneficiary Mitigation Plan (BMP)December 27, 2018
​BMP Public HearingJanuary 15, 201910:00 AM – 12:00 PM at 401 Adams Avenue, Montgomery, AL
Public Comment PeriodJanuary 15, 2019 -
February 14, 2019
Final BMP Approved by Gov. Kay IveyFebruary 28, 2019Beneficiary Mitigation Plan
BMP submitted
(Paragraph 4.1)​
April 18, 2019At least 30 days prior to first funding request​
Eligible Mitigation Action Certification
(Paragraph 4.1, Appendix D-4)
Anytime, but at least 30 days after BMP submission​Funding requests for Eligible Mitigation Actions
Beneficiary Reporting
(Paragraph 5.3)
6 months after first disbursement

Six months after first disbursement, and thereafter, no later than January 30 and July 30 for the preceding six-month periods, each Beneficiary shall submit a semiannual report
Estimate of Remaining Balance
(Paragraph 5.4.1)
October 2, 2027​10th anniversary of the TED; Trustee estimates remaining balance
Application for Supplemental Funding
(Paragraph 5.4.2)​
October 2, 2027​10th anniversary of the TED; Beneficiary can apply for supplemental findings, stating at least 80% obligated
Publication of Remaining Balance and Who is Eligible
(Paragraph 5.4.3)
December 31, 2027​Within 90 days of the 10th anniversary of the TED; Files remaining balance and which states are eligible
Distribution of Remainder Balance
(Paragraph 5.4.4)​
March 30, 2028Within 180 days of the 10th anniversary of the TED; Remainder balance be divided among eligible beneficiaries
Final Disposition
(Paragraph 5.4.5)​
​October 2, 203215th anniversary of the trust effective date; Any unused funds will be returned and sent to Federal agencies​