Alabama Media Portal RSS Apple App Twitter Facebook YouTube ADECAblog.tumblr.com flickr Instagram
Skip Navigation LinksADECA > Divisions > Energy > VW Settlement > Mitigation Plan Guidelines
Print
Mitigation Plan Guidelines

The primary focus of the settlement is the environmental mitigation trust. To mitigate environmental damages from violating the Clean Air Act, the settlement requires VW to invest $2.7 billion in an independently administered environmental mitigation trust, which will fund projects to reduce diesel emissions. States, tribes, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia have been allocated a portion of the trust (based on the number of affected vehicles in their jurisdiction), and must file as “beneficiaries” to receive their allocations. The list of initial allocations for the 2.0-liter settlement can be found in Appendix D-1 of the amended 2.0 Liter Partial Consent Decree. Appendix D-1 also lists additional funds that will be added to the trust from the VW 3.0-liter engine settlement as outlined in the Second Partial Consent Decree.

The initial allocation from the Trust fund under the first partial consent decree for Alabama is $24,084,726.84. Alabama will receive an additional $1,396,241.02 under the second partial consent decree. The Trust funds will likely be made available for mitigation projects by the spring of 2018. The timeline may shift due to required federal actions prior to Trust fund disbursement. Alabama may request one-third of its total allocation during the first year or two thirds of its allocation during the first two years after the Trust is initially funded. Nongovernment and government entities will be eligible to apply for funding to implement mitigation projects once the mitigation plan has been submitted and approved. Project funding will be awarded through a competitive process in accordance with Alabama’s procurement laws. The Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs (ADECA) will maintain all documentation associated with funding requests and expenditures on eligible mitigation projects. All materials will be available for public review.

The environmental mitigation trust fund is a unique opportunity for Alabama to significantly reduce nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions from the transportation sector while also achieving complimentary energy, environmental, health and economic development goals. To access allocated funds under the environmental mitigation trust, ADECA applied to become a beneficiary and develop a beneficiary mitigation plan that provides a high-level summary of how we intend to use the allocated funds.

After being deemed a Beneficiary pursuant to subparagraph 4.0.2.1, ADECA, not later than 30 Days prior to submitting its first funding request pursuant to Paragraph 5.2, shall submit and make publicly available a “Beneficiary Mitigation Plan” that summarizes how ADECA plans to use the mitigation funds allocated to it under the Trust, addressing:

(i)     the Beneficiary’s overall goal for the use of the funds;

(ii)     the categories of Eligible Mitigation Actions the Beneficiary anticipates will be appropriate to achieve the stated goals and the preliminary assessment of the percentages of funds anticipated to be used for each type of Eligible Mitigation Action;

(iii)     a description of how the Beneficiary will consider the potential beneficial impact of the selected Eligible Mitigation Actions on air quality in areas that bear a disproportionate share of the air pollution burden within its jurisdiction; and

(iv)     a general description of the expected ranges of emission benefits the Beneficiary estimates would be realized by implementation of the Eligible Mitigation Actions identified in the Beneficiary Mitigation Plan.

Alabama’s Beneficiary Mitigation Plan should only provide the level of detail reasonably ascertainable at the time of submission. This Plan is intended to provide the public with insight into ADECA’s high-level vision for use of the mitigation funds and information about the specific uses for which funding is expected to be requested. Nothing in the provision is intended to make the Beneficiary Mitigation Plan binding on any Beneficiary, nor does it create any rights in any person to claim an entitlement of any kind. Beneficiaries may adjust their goals and specific spending plans at their discretion and, if they do so, shall provide the Trustee with updates to their Beneficiary Mitigation Plan.


Overall Goal

The goal of the mitigation trust is to reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx). Investing in projects that result in NOx reductions and support longer term goals is a good start. States can inventory mobile sources of NOx emissions using U.S. EPA National Emissions Inventory data and other emissions calculations tools, and align their mitigation plan to target the emitting sources. Some fuel sources have more supply and price volatility than others, choosing reliable and, if possible, domestic fuel sources for mitigation actions can reduce reliance of foreign oil. Using mitigation trust funds for mitigation actions in areas of concentrated development or near vulnerable populations can make the most of positive health outcomes associated with NOX reduction.

Different vehicle and fuel decisions can result in different levels of economic development in Alabama. The replacement vehicle with the lowest sticker price may not be the least expensive once fuel and maintenance are factored into the cost. Purchasing an alternative fuel vehicle might cost more up front, but it may be a better investment in the long run and keep more money in your local economy. Supporting industries in Alabama, building on existing infrastructure, and selecting domestically produced fuel options has the potential to maximize economic development from the VW trust.


Eligible Mitigation Actions

The Trust establishes a process to administer the funds, and identifies 10 categories of mitigation actions that will be eligible for funding along with reimbursement rates for these actions. Eligible actions focus on reducing NOx pollution from primarily diesel-powered trucks and buses. Generally, the types of approved actions include replacing older diesel-powered trucks, buses, industrial vehicles and other powered equipment with new, lower emissions equipment.

Full details regarding the eligible mitigation actions can be found in Appendix D-2 of the Trust Agreement.

1. Class 8 Local Freight Trucks and Port Drayage Trucks (Eligible Large Trucks)

a.     Eligible Large Trucks include 1992-2009 engine model year Class 8 Local Freight or Drayage. For Beneficiaries that have State regulations that already require upgrades to 1992-2009 engine model year trucks at the time of the proposed Eligible Mitigation Action, Eligible Large Trucks shall also include 2010-2012 engine model year Class 8 Local Freight or Drayage.

b.     Eligible Large Trucks must be Scrapped.

c.     Eligible Large Trucks may be Repowered with any new diesel or Alternate Fueled engine or All-Electric engine, or may be replaced with any new diesel or Alternate Fueled or All-Electric vehicle, with the engine model year in which the Eligible Large Trucks Mitigation Action occurs or one engine model year prior.

d.     For Non-Government Owned Eligible Class 8 Local Freight Trucks, Beneficiaries may only draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 40% of the cost of a Repower with a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) engine, including the costs of installation of such engine.
  2. Up to 25% of the cost of a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) vehicle.
  3. Up to 75% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine, including the costs of installation of such engine, and charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric engine.
  4. Up to 75% of the cost of a new All-Electric vehicle, including charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric vehicle.

e.     For Non-Government Owned Eligible Drayage Trucks, Beneficiaries may only draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 40% of the cost of a Repower with a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) engine, including the costs of installation of such engine.
  2. Up to 50% of the cost of a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) vehicle
  3. Up to 75% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine, including the costs of installation of such engine, and charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric engine.
  4. Up to 75% of the cost of a new all-electric vehicle, including charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric vehicle.

f.     For Government Owned Eligible Class 8 Large Trucks, Beneficiaries may draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 100% of the cost of a Repower with a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) engine, including the costs of installation of such engine.
  2. Up to 100% of the cost of a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) vehicle.
  3. Up to 100% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine, including the costs of installation of such engine, and charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric engine.
  4. Up to 100% of the cost of a new All-Electric vehicle, including charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric vehicle.

2. Class 4-8 School Bus, Shuttle Bus, or Transit Bus (Eligible Buses)

a.     Eligible Buses include 2009 engine model year or older class 4-8 school buses, shuttle buses, or transit buses. For Beneficiaries that have State regulations that already require upgrades to 1992-2009 engine model year buses at the time of the proposed Eligible Mitigation Action, Eligible Buses shall also include 2010-2012 engine model year class 4-8 school buses, shuttle buses, or transit buses.

b.     Eligible Buses must be Scrapped.

c.     Eligible Buses may be Repowered with any new diesel or Alternate Fueled or All-Electric engine, or may be replaced with any new diesel or Alternate Fueled or All-Electric vehicle, with the engine model year in which the Eligible Bus Mitigation Action occurs or one engine model year prior.

d.     For Non-Government Owned Buses, Beneficiaries may draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 40% of the cost of a Repower with a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) engine, including the costs of installation of such engine.
  2. Up to 25% of the cost of a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) vehicle.
  3. Up to 75% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine, including the costs of installation of such engine, and charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric engine.
  4. Up to 75% of the cost of a new All-Electric vehicle, including charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric vehicle.

e.     For Government Owned Eligible Buses, and Privately-Owned School Buses Under Contract with a Public School District, Beneficiaries may draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 100% of the cost of a Repower with a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) engine, including the costs of installation of such engine.
  2. Up to 100% of the cost of a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) vehicle.
  3. Up to 100% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine, including the costs of installation of such engine, and charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric engine.
  4. Up to 100% of the cost of a new All-Electric vehicle, including charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric vehicle.

3. Freight Switchers

a.     Eligible Freight Switchers include pre-Tier 4 switcher locomotives that operate 1000 or more hours per year.

b.     Eligible Freight Switchers must be Scrapped.

c.     Eligible Freight Switchers may be Repowered with any new diesel or Alternate Fueled or All-Electric engine(s) (including Generator Sets), or may be replaced with any new diesel or Alternate Fueled or All-Electric (including Generator Sets) Freight Switcher, that is certified to meet the applicable EPA emissions standards (or other more stringent equivalent State standard) as published in the CFR for the engine model year in which the Eligible Freight Switcher Mitigation Action occurs.

d.     For Non-Government Owned Freight Switchers, Beneficiaries may draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 40% of the cost of a Repower with a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) engine(s) or Generator Sets, including the costs of installation of such engine(s).
  2. Up to 25% of the cost of a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) Freight Switcher.
  3. Up to 75% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine(s), including the costs of installation of such engine(s), and charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric engine(s).
  4. Up to 75% of the cost of a new All-Electric Freight Switcher, including charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric Freight Switcher.

e.     For Government Owned Eligible Freight Switchers, Beneficiaries may draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 100% of the cost of a Repower with a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) engine(s) or Generator Sets, including the costs of installation of such engine(s).
  2. Up to 100% of the cost of a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) Freight Switcher.
  3. Up to 100% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine(s), including the costs of installation of such engine(s), and charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric engine(s).
  4. Up to 100% of the cost of a new All-Electric Freight Switcher, including charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric Freight Switcher.

4. Ferries/Tugs

a.     Eligible Ferries and/or Tugs include unregulated, Tier 1, or Tier 2 marine engines.

b.     Eligible Ferry and/or Tug engines that are replaced must be Scrapped.

c.     Eligible Ferries and/or Tugs may be Repowered with any new Tier 3 or Tier 4 diesel or Alternate Fueled engines, or with All-Electric engines, or may be upgraded with an EPA Certified Remanufacture System or an EPA Verified Engine Upgrade.

d.     For Non-Government Owned Eligible Ferries and/or Tugs, Beneficiaries may only draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 40% of the cost of a Repower with a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) engine(s), including the costs of installation of such engine(s).
  2. Up to 75% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine(s), including the costs of installation of such engine(s), and charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric engine(s).

e.     For Government Owned Eligible Ferries and/or Tugs, Beneficiaries may draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 100% of the cost of a Repower with a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) engine(s), including the costs of installation of such engine(s).
  2. Up to 100% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine(s), including the costs of installation of such engine(s), and charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric engine(s).

5. Ocean Going Vessels (OGV) Shorepower

a.     Eligible Marine Shorepower includes systems that enable a compatible vessel’s main and auxiliary engines to remain off while the vessel is at berth. Components of such systems eligible for reimbursement are limited to cables, cable management systems, shore power coupler systems, distribution control systems, and power distribution. Marine shore power systems must comply with international shore power design standards (ISO/IEC/IEEE 80005-1-2012 High Voltage Shore Connection Systems or the IEC/PAS 80005-3:2014 Low Voltage Shore Connection Systems) and should be supplied with power sourced from the local utility grid. Eligible Marine Shorepower includes equipment for vessels that operate within the Great Lakes.

b.     For Non-Government Owned Marine Shorepower, Beneficiaries may only draw funds from the Trust in the amount of up to 25% for the costs associated with the shore-side system, including cables, cable management systems, shore power coupler systems, distribution control systems, installation, and power distribution components.

c.     For Government Owned Marine Shorepower, Beneficiaries may draw funds from the Trust in the amount of up to 100% for the costs associated with the shore-side system, including cables, cable management systems, shore power coupler systems, distribution control systems, installation, and power distribution components.

6. Class 4-7 Local Freight Trucks (Medium Trucks)

a.     Eligible Medium Trucks include 1992-2009 engine model year class 4-7 Local Freight trucks, and for Beneficiaries that have State regulations that already require upgrades to 1992-2009 engine model year trucks at the time of the proposed Eligible Mitigation Action, Eligible Trucks shall also include 2010- 2012 engine model year class 4-7 Local Freight trucks.

b.     Eligible Medium Trucks must be Scrapped.

c.     Eligible Medium Trucks may be Repowered with any new diesel or Alternate Fueled or All-Electric engine, or may be replaced with any new diesel or Alternate Fueled or All-Electric vehicle, with the engine model year in which the Eligible Medium Trucks Mitigation Action occurs or one engine model year prior.

d.     For Non-Government Owned Eligible Medium Trucks, Beneficiaries may draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 40% of the cost of a Repower with a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) engine, including the costs of installation of such engine.
  2. Up to 25% of the cost of a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) vehicle.
  3. Up to 75% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine, including the costs of installation of such engine, and charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric engine.
  4. Up to 75% of the cost of a new All-Electric vehicle, including charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric vehicle.

e.     For Government Owned Eligible Medium Trucks, Beneficiaries may draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 100% of the cost of a Repower with a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) engine, including the costs of installation of such engine.
  2. Up to 100% of the cost of a new diesel or Alternate Fueled (e.g., CNG, propane, Hybrid) vehicle.
  3. Up to 100% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine, including the costs of installation of such engine, and charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric engine.
  4. Up to 100% of the cost of a new All-Electric vehicle, including charging infrastructure associated with the new All-Electric vehicle.

7. Airport Ground Support Equipment

a.     Eligible Airport Ground Support Equipment includes:

  1. Tier 0, Tier 1, or Tier 2 diesel powered airport ground support equipment; and
  2. Uncertified, or certified to 3 g/bhp-hr or higher emissions, spark ignition engine powered airport ground support equipment.

b.     Eligible Airport Ground Support Equipment must be Scrapped.

c.     Eligible Airport Ground Support Equipment may be Repowered with an All- Electric engine, or may be replaced with the same Airport Ground Support Equipment in an All-Electric form.

d.     For Non-Government Owned Eligible Airport Ground Support Equipment, Beneficiaries may only draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 75% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine, including costs of installation of such engine, and charging infrastructure associated with such new All-Electric engine.
  2. Up to 75% of the cost of a new All-Electric Airport Ground Support Equipment, including charging infrastructure associated with such new All-Electric Airport Ground Support Equipment.

e.     For Government Owned Eligible Airport Ground Support Equipment, Beneficiaries may draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 100% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine, including costs of installation of such engine, and charging infrastructure associated with such new All-Electric engine.
  2. Up to 100% of the cost of a new All-Electric Airport Ground Support Equipment, including charging infrastructure associated with such new All-Electric Airport Ground Support Equipment.

8. Forklifts and Port Cargo Handling Equipment

a.     Eligible Forklifts includes forklifts with greater than 8000 pounds lift capacity.

b.     Eligible Forklifts and Port Cargo Handling Equipment must be Scrapped.

c.     Eligible Forklifts and Port Cargo Handling Equipment may be Repowered with an All-Electric engine, or may be replaced with the same equipment in an All-Electric form.

d.     For Non-Government Owned Eligible Forklifts and Port Cargo Handling Equipment, Beneficiaries may draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 75% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine, including costs of installation of such engine, and charging infrastructure associated with such new All-Electric engine.
  2. Up to 75% of the cost of a new All-Electric Forklift or Port Cargo Handling Equipment, including charging infrastructure associated with such new All-Electric Forklift or Port Cargo Handling Equipment.

e.     For Government Owned Eligible Forklifts and Port Cargo Handling Equipment, Beneficiaries may draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 100% of the cost of a Repower with a new All-Electric engine, including costs of installation of such engine, and charging infrastructure associated with such new All-Electric engine.
  2. Up to 100% of the cost of a new All-Electric Forklift or Port Cargo Handling Equipment, including charging infrastructure associated with such new All-Electric Forklift or Port Cargo Handling Equipment.

9. Light Duty Zero Emission Vehicle Supply Equipment

Each Beneficiary may use up to fifteen percent (15%) of its allocation of Trust Funds on the costs necessary for, and directly connected to, the acquisition, installation, operation and maintenance of new light duty zero emission vehicle supply equipment for projects as specified below. Provided, however, that Trust Funds shall not be made available or used to purchase or rent real estate, other capital costs (e.g., construction of buildings, parking facilities, etc.) or general maintenance (i.e., maintenance other than of the Supply Equipment).

a.     Light duty electric vehicle supply equipment includes Level 1, Level 2 or fast charging equipment (or analogous successor technologies) that is located in a public place, workplace, or multi-unit dwelling and is not consumer light duty electric vehicle supply equipment (i.e., not located at a private residential dwelling that is not a multi-unit dwelling).

b.     Light duty hydrogen fuel cell vehicle supply equipment includes hydrogen dispensing equipment capable of dispensing hydrogen at a pressure of 70 megapascals (MPa) (or analogous successor technologies) that is located in a public place.

c.     Subject to the 15% limitation above, each Beneficiary may draw funds from the Trust in the amount of:

  1. Up to 100% of the cost to purchase, install and maintain eligible light duty electric vehicle supply equipment that will be available to the public at a Government Owned Property.
  2. Up to 80% of the cost to purchase, install and maintain eligible light duty electric vehicle supply equipment that will be available to the public at a Non-Government Owned Property.
  3. Up to 60% of the cost to purchase, install and maintain eligible light duty electric vehicle supply equipment that is available at a workplace but not to the general public.
  4. Up to 60% of the cost to purchase, install and maintain eligible light duty electric vehicle supply equipment that is available at a multi-unit dwelling but not to the general public.
  5. Up to 33% of the cost to purchase, install and maintain eligible light duty hydrogen fuel cell vehicle supply equipment capable of dispensing at least 250 kg/day that will be available to the public.
  6. Up to 25% of the cost to purchase, install and maintain eligible light duty hydrogen fuel cell vehicle supply equipment capable of dispensing at least 100 kg/day that will be available to the public.

10. Diesel Emission Reduction Act (DERA) Option

Beneficiaries may use Trust Funds for their non-federal voluntary match, pursuant to Title VII, Subtitle G, Section 793 of the DERA Program in the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (codified at 42 U.S.C. § 16133), or Section 792 (codified at 42 U.S.C. § 16132) in the case of Tribes, thereby allowing Beneficiaries to use such Trust Funds for actions not specifically enumerated in this Appendix D-2, but otherwise eligible under DERA pursuant to all DERA guidance documents available through the EPA. Trust Funds shall not be used to meet the nonfederal mandatory cost share requirements, as defined in applicable DERA program guidance, of any DERA grant.


Target Mitigation Actions to Disproportionately Affected Communities

The partial consent decree requires beneficiaries to take into consideration how their plan will impact air quality in areas that bear a disproportionate air pollution burden. Ensuring that mitigation actions address non-attainment areas, microenvironments with poor air quality, and vulnerable communities will help equalize damage mitigation. It requires that beneficiaries describe how their actions will mitigate the impacts of NOx emissions on communities that have historically borne a disproportionate share of the adverse impacts of such emissions.

According to the National Association of State Energy Officials, there are several ways states can identify communities that bear a disproportionate share of these negative impacts. They can identify the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) nonattainment or maintenance areas and target mitigation actions to these areas. The EPA publishes current lists of nonattainment areas for all criteria pollutants including NOx and ozone on its website. This information designates geographically broad non-attainment areas, generally at the county level. Although some states may not have entire counties designated as non-attainment areas, it is important to assess microenvironments and the impact of ambient air quality in more granular geographic areas. For example, a state may not have any EPA designated non-attainment or maintenance areas, however, there may be neighborhoods located near busy highway corridors or near ports, railyards or other areas of high heavy-duty vehicle activity, resulting in higher local exposure to high air pollutant concentrations. A list of maintenance and non-attainment areas in Alabama are listed in the table below:

 

​County Specific Area Standard​ Non-Attainment​ Current Designation​
​Colbert County Sulfur Dioxide (1971) ​1992 ​Maintenance
​Jefferson County ​Birmngham ​PM 2.5 (2006) 2009-2012​ ​Maintenance
Jefferson County ​Lead (1978) 1992-1994​ ​Maintenance
​Lauderdale County Sulfur Dioxide (1971) ​1992 ​Maintenance
​Pike County ​Troy ​Lead (2008) 2010-2017​ Non-Attainment​
​Shelby County
Birmngham PM 2.5 (2006) 2009-2012​ ​Maintenance
​Walker County Birmngham PM 2.5 (2006) 2009-2012​ ​Maintenance
 

  • Maintenance – Re-designated to attainment
  • NAAQS - National Ambient Air Quality Standards, the Clean Air Act requires EPA to set standards (40 CFR part 50) for pollutants considered harmful to public health and the environment.
  • Non-attainment – An area considered to have air quality worse than the NAAQS.
  • PM 2.5 - Particulate Matter, fine inhalable particles, with diameters that are generally 2.5 micrometers and smaller.


Expected Ranges of Emission Benefits

Mobile sources (including diesel and gasoline vehicles) are currently the largest source of NOx emissions. Reducing the use of petroleum-based fuels in transportation (particularly in heavy duty vehicles which disproportionately contribute to emissions) is an important mechanism to reduce NOx emissions. There are several modeling tools available online at no charge that can serve as resources to use in calculating NOx and other greenhouse gas emissions reductions. Deciding which tool to use will be a factor of user interface preference, replacement fuel determinations, and previous user experience. Many of the tools rely on information from the same databases.

Please visit our NOx Emissions page that outlines several tools that beneficiaries can utilize when calculating avoided emissions under the environmental mitigation trust.


Translate
Copyright© 2015 ADECA - All Rights Reserved